Building Systems Integration in the Design Studio

Building Systems Integration (BSI) theory provides an informative method of understanding the role and assembly of technology in buildings. Architectural projects are categorized into four distinctive systems:

  • envelope,
  • structure,
  • mechanical and
  • interior

Furthermore, Rush (1986) has stated that the four systems have five distinctive attributes in how they relate to one another. A system and its technology have several levels of integration that can either be;

  • remote,
  • touching,
  • connected,
  • unified or meshed with each other.

Ham et al. present the reader with an experiment of integration of BS to an architectural design course of the Deakin University in collaboration with Hong Kong. Yet, unfortunately, little is said apart from the fact that lectures on BSI are presented to the students through youtube. I wish there was more information about the actual transmission and how that enabled students to be more involved sin the process.



Ham, J.J., Luther, M.B., Schnabel, M. A., 2013, in M. A. Schnabel (ed.),  Cutting Edge: 47th International Conference of the Architectural Science Association, The Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA), Australia, pp. 71–80.

Rush, R., 1986, ‘Building Systems Integration Handbook’, John Wiley & Sons: New York.

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