The human-technology relationship


Examining Rejection, Acceptance and Symbiosis

Technology Acceptance Model (TAM): Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA)/ Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Acceptance depends on perceived ease of use and usefulness; the effort, high performance scheme. TAM also depends on contextual factors such as gender, consequence measures such as attitude etc. TAM is useful in understanding the early stages of the human-technology relationship.

Symbiosis:technology, user and context share an equivalent role in forming a relationship. Techs and human co-evolve. The more the technology is perceived as skillfully completing human capacities, the more it leads to symbiosis. To achieve a state of symbiosis an adjustment period is needed during which the humans gain 01. a sense of control, 02. a perception of a benefit of mutual adaptation and 03. a perception of utility and efficiency. The transition to symbiosis happens for two reasons: the growth of a close relationship with technology and the intricate connection of activity and use of the technologies.



Adelé S., Brangier E., “Evolutions in the human technology relationship: rejection, acceptance and technosymbiosis”, IADIS International Journal on WWW/Internet, Vol. 11, No 3, pp 46-60, ISSN: 1645-7641, available here

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