Peer to peer learning


Peer Learning Definition: Students learning from and with each other in both formal and informal ways with emphasis on the learning process and the emotional support that learners offer each other, as much as the task itself.

10 models: the traditional proctor model (seniors tutor juniors), partnerships between students of the same year, discussion seminars, private study groups, parrainage, counselling, peer-assessment schemes, collaborative project or lab work, projects in different sized groups, workplace mentoring and community activities.


  • working with others: sharing, acknowledging contributions, working together to develop collaborative skills.
  • critical inquiry and reflection: challenges to existing ways of thinking, opportunities for formulating questions, deep engagement
  • communication and articulation of knowledge, understanding and skills: testing and rehearsing the ideas of others, expressing concepts
  • managing learning and how to learn: self-management skills, not prompt by deadlines but by the exigencies of cooperating, identifying learning needs, collective responsibility
  • self and peer assessment: giving and receiving feedback, identifying criteria



Peer Learning in Higher Education: Learning from & with Each Other, (eds) David Boud, Ruth Cohen & Jane Sampson, introduction by David Boud, 2001, London: Kogan Page

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