The popular images/stereotypes of:
- the fine artist as an expressive lunatic when artists have worked as often in the cognitive idiom as the expressive, also some art counts as research while some art doesn’t
- the designer as style warrior, superficial, trendy, obsessed with surfaces and signs
- the scientist as a critical rationalist, engaged in fundamental research. in popular culture they are saints or sinners. Feyerabend and Collins have stressed that in science there may be conjectures but many of them are unconscious, they involve a significant measure of subjectivity
- the practitioner as if action that follows reflection or reflection that follows action can be put in a box named practice
when doing science is much more like doing design. David Gooding stressed the links between experimental scientists and creative artists.
Christofer Frayling, 1993. Research in Art and Design. In Royal College of Art Research Papers, Vol 1, No 1, 1993/4